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Reality of Shabaan

Posted by Admin on August 3, 2009

See Flash Presentation on Shabaan

See Flash Presentation on Shabaan

Sha’baan is the eight month of the Islamic calendar. It falls between two sacred months, Rajab and Ramadaan.

Allah’s Messenger (sallAllahu alaihi wa-sallam) used to spend most part of Sha’baan by fasting.

Imaam Bukhari (rahimahAllah) reports in his Saheeh that Aa’ishah (radhi Allahu anha) said: “The Messenger (sallallAhu alaihi wa-sallam) used to fast until we thought he would never break his fast, and he would not fast until we thought he would never fast. I never saw the Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu alaihi wa-sallam) fasting for an entire month except in Ramadaan, and I never saw him fast more than he did in Sha’baan.”

Some people have themselves specified particular nights of the year, when they stay awake all night and worship Allah. It is believed that anyone who worships Allah in these specific nights, it will recompense for his yearly deeds and will be enough for his salvation and entering Jannah. One among these nights is the night of mid Sha’baan (15th Sha’baan), which is popularly known as ‘Shabb-e-Baraa’t’.

Shab e Barat is Persian for lailatul qadr:
The night on which the Quran was revealed is termed “Lailatul Qadr” in Surah al Qadr in the Quran. When Lailtul Qadr is translated in Persian Language : Lailatul became Shabb and Qadr became “Baraat”. Thus Shab e Baraat is the Persian translation of Lailatul Qadr.

This is the night on which Quran was revealed, it is a night of great blessing and it falls in the last 10 days of Ramadan.Thus there is no reality in celebrating the night of 15th of sha’baan, because Shab e Baraat actually falls in Ramadan.

(Reference:Translation of Tafsir Surah Dukhaan, Taiseer ul Quran , Vol 4, pg. 176 by Molana Abdul Rehman Kelani.)

Facts and Misconceptions about Shabaan

by Asma Binte Shameen

Growing up in Pakistan, the month of Sha’baan would bring in a lot of excitement and celebration. And that was because celebrating the night of the fifteenth of Sha’baan was a big thing and considered a very virtuous act, indeed. Men would gather in the masjid while the women prepared ‘Halwas’ and sweets, preparations were made for all night vigils or “Shabeenas” as they were called, buses were made available to take the men to visit the graveyards and flyers were distributed to everyone containing a long list of ‘special prayers’ so that they could stay up all night praying.

But, Alhamdulillaah, how Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta’ala protects His Deen. When Allaah enabled me to study this beautiful religion of ours, all that changed. I realized that all those ‘special prayers’, all those night vigils, all those Halwas and all those graveyard visits were really not the way of the Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alayhi wa Sallam). In fact all that was far…far away from his Sunnah and the Sharee’ah that he brought.

And so I thought I would bring to attention some of the misconceptions and wrong ideas attached to this month as this ignorance and innovation has become so rampant, that it has become a sort of an epidemic, not only in Pakistan but in practically every Muslim community that exists.

Misconception # 1: The night of the 15th of Sha’baan should be singled out for worship, prayer, etc.

Clarification: Our best example and role model is the Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and he never, ever singled out this night for worship or qiyaam nor did his Sahaba.
Shaykh Ibn Baaz said:”There is no saheeh hadeeth concerning the night of the fifteenth of Sha’baan. All the ahaadeeth that have been narrated concerning that are mawdoo’ (fabricated) and da’eef (weak), and have no basis. There is nothing special about this night, and no recitation of Qur’aan or prayer, whether alone or in congregation, is specified for this night. What some of the scholars have said about it being special is a weak opinion. It is not permissible to single it out for any special actions. This is the correct view. And Allaah is the Source of strength.” (Fataawa Islamiyyah, 4/511)


Misconception # 2: There are special prayers to be offered on this night.

Clarification: The truth of the matter is that there are NO special prayers to be offered on this night specifically. And all those ‘ahaadeeth’ giving you long lists of special ‘formulas’ that are “supposed to guarantee you Allaah’s forgiveness and Jannah” are all fabricated, false and innovations in our Deen.

If there were such prayers, the Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alayhi wa Sallam) would have told us about them and we would have had evidence of him and the Sahaba doing it.
Misconception # 3: Allaah descends to the first heavens on this night to forgive us.
Clarification: Allaah’s descending to the first heaven does not only happen on the night of the fifteenth of Sha’baan. Rather it happens every single night of the year.
The Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said: “Every night when it is the last third of the night, our Lord, the Superior, the Blessed, descends to the nearest heaven and says: Is there anyone to invoke Me that I may respond to his invocation? Is there anyone to ask Me so that I may grant him his request? Is there anyone asking My forgiveness so that I may forgive him?. ” (Bukhaari)
Thus, when ‘Abd-Allaah ibn al-Mubaarak was asked about the descent of Allaah on the night of the fifteenth of Sha’baan, he said to the one who asked him: “O weak one! The night of the fifteenth?! He descends every night!”
Misconception # 4: This is the night when our fate, lifespan, and provisions are decreed.
Clarification:  Some people think that the “blessed night” (laylatim-mubarakah) mentioned in Surah ad-Dukhaan (44): 3, refers to the night of 15th Shabaan, when Allah decrees our lifespan, provisions and fate. In fact, they even pray 6 rakahs, 2 for each of these things. However, all that is fabricated and far, far away from the Sunnah. And, in reality, the “blessed night” mentioned in Surah ad-Dukhaan, actually is referring to Laylatul Qadr that comes in Ramadhaan. (Tafseer Ibn Kathir of Surah al-Qadr)
Misconception # 5: One should fast on the day of the fifteenth.
Clarification: Here again, there is no saheeh reports that tell us that the Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alayhi wa Sallam) or his Sahaabah ever picked this day specifically to fast. The Sunnah of the Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alayhi wa Sallam) was to fast most of this month and not just the 15th. However, if the fifteenth of Sha’baan coincides with a Monday or Thursday, or with the three white days or if a person is generally fasting, without associating seeking extra rewards to fasting this specific day, then it is allowed. (Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid)
Misconception # 6: This is the night when the souls of departed ones return to their families.
Clarification: Here again, some people misunderstand the ayaat in Surah al-Qadr and think that the ‘sending down of the Ruh’ as mentioned in this Surah refers to the souls of dead people returning to see their families, even though it refers to Jibreel (Tafseer Ibn Kathir). And that is why we see women preparing the sweets, the Halwas and other ‘goodies’ for the souls of their loved ones.
Not only is that in itself an erroneous, deviant belief and bid’ah, but to believe that the souls of the dead can return back to the world and meet with their relatives is also totally incorrect and false. The teachings of the Qur’aan and the Sunnah clearly state that the souls of the dead do not return back to the world. Besides, they don’t even eat the Halwas. It is actually you who eats it!
Misconception # 7: Visiting graveyards especially this night is something good.
Clarification: Although the Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alayhi wa Sallam) encouraged visiting graves, he forbade singling out any day or night for any kinds of good deeds if it is not prescribed in the Sharee’ah. And he did not specifically visit the graveyard on the night of the 15th of Sha’aan. The hadeeth of Aisha that mentions that the Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alayhi wa Sallam) visited the graveyard this night is not authentic and thus does not have any proof for visiting graves specifically on this night of Shabaan.
Misconception # 8: Even if the ahaadeeth about worship on this night are weak, one can still do it.
Clarification: The correct scholarly view is that weak ahaadeeth should not be followed at all, even if they speak of righteous deeds or of targheeb and tarheeb (promises and warnings). The saheeh reports are sufficient and the Muslim has no need to follow the da’eef reports.
Shaykh Ahmad Shaakir said: “There is no difference between rulings or righteous deeds; we do not take any of them from da’eef reports, rather no one has the right to use any report as evidence unless it is proven to be soundly narrated from the Messenger of Allaah (Sal Allaahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in a saheeh or hasan hadeeth.”
Misconception # 9: Look at all those people doing it. How can they all be wrong?
Clarification: The Muslim is supposed to refer to Allaah and His Messenger (Sal Allaahu Alayhi wa Sallam)’s Sunnah, if there is any confusion or dispute about matters and NOT what the rest of the world is doing.
“O you who believe! Obey Allaah and obey the Messenger and those of you who are in authority. (And) if you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allaah and His Messenger, if you  believe in Allaah and in the Last Day. That is better and more suitable for final determination [al-Nisaa’ 4:59]
Shaykh Ibn Jibreen said: “These reports (about worship and fasting an the 15th of Sha’baan) became very well known in some countries which were overwhelmed by ignorance; One should not be deceived by the large numbers of ignorant people who do these things.”

The REAL Sunnah regarding Sha’baan:

If you truly and sincerely want to please Allaah and do deeds that will be acceptable to Him, then follow the REAL Sunnah of the Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alayhi wa Sallam). Here is what is proven in the authentic sunnah:
1. Fast most of this month as much as you can.
Aa’ishah RA said: “I never saw the Messenger of Allaah fasting for an entire month except in Ramadaan, and I never saw him fast more than he did in Sha’baan.” (Bukhaari, Muslim).
2. Do not fast in the second half of Shabaan

However, if you are weak or do not fast habitually and feel that this nafil fasting may be a hindrance to your obligatory fasting in the month of Ramadhaan, then the person may stop the nafil fasting in the last few days of this month. And for that person, the Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said:
“When Sha’baan is half over, do not fast.” (saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi).

3.Make up your missed fasts

If you have fasts left over from last Ramadhaan to make up, then hurry up and do so in this month of Sha’baan before the next Ramadhaan comes. It is not permissible to delay missed fasts until after the following Ramadhaan, except in cases of necessity (such as a valid excuse that continues between the two Ramadaans). Aa’ishah RA said: ‘It used to be that I had days to make up for Ramadhaan and I would not be able to do so except in Sha’baan.” [Bukhaari]

Fabricated and Weak Hadiths about Shabaan

Rasool Allah (s.a.w) said: “Who ever knowingly attributes a lie to me then he should make his abode in hell” (Bukhari)

The following are some of the weak and fabricated ahadith  about Shabaan which are famous and are narrated frequently. Weak ahadith and fabricated ahadith should not be quoted as sayings of Rasool Allah as it is equivalent to attributing a lie to Rasool Allah (s.a.w) and is a major sin.
1.Oh Allah, Bless for us the month of  Rajab and Shaban and grant us the month of Ramadan”
2.The superiority of Shabaan over other months is like my superiority over other prophets.
3.When the night of 15th of Sha’baan arrives, then  pray during the night and fast during the day
4.There are five nights during which no invocation (dua ) is rejected, the first night of rajab,the night of 15th of Shabaan, the night of Friday, the night of Eid ul fitr and the night of Eid of sacrifice.
5.Jibreeel alayhis salam came to me and said – this is the night of 15th of Shabaan and in this night the as many people are freed from hell as the amount of hair on the goats (of the tribe) of banu kalb.
6.Oh Ali (RadiAllahu Anhum) whoever prays a hundred rakat on the night of 15th Sha’baan and in that prayer he recites Surah Ikhlaas (Qul Ho Wallahu Ahad) a thousand time, then Allah Tala will fulfill all his needs which he asks that night.
7.Whoever recites Surah Ikhlaas one thousand times on the 15th of Sha’baan, then Allah will send hundred thousand angels to him who will give him the glad tidings (of paradise)
8.On the 15th of Sha’baan, whoever prays three hundered rakat prayer ( according to another tradition it is twelve rakat) and in every rakat he recites Surah Ikhlaas thirty times, then his intercession for 10 people who were destined for hell will be accepted.!
9.Shabaan is my month
10.Who ever stays up for worship on the night of Eid and the night of 15th of Sha’baan, then his heart will not become dead (on the day) when every other heart will become dead.
11.Whoever stays up for worship on the five nights, then paradise will become a must (wajib) for him. The night of Tarwiah, Night of Arafah,Night of sacrifice, night of eid ul fitr and the night of 15th of Sha’baan.

May Allah have mercy on us all. All of the above mentioned ahadith on fasting and doing worship at night on the 15th of Sha’baan are Weak (Daif) and unauthentic. We should be very clear that there isn’t a single “Sahih” hadith about this day which may be used to accept and recognize these acts of worship.

Considering the status of these ahadith it can be stated that fasting especially on the 15th of shabaan and doing worship during the night of 15th of shabaan is an extreme innovation (Biddat) which has no basis whatsoever in the sunnah and should be clearly avoided.

Allah Knows Best.

Hadith Status References:
1.Kitab Ul Azkaar, Imam Nawawi.
Meezan Al Aitadaal, Imam Zahbi. Darul Kutub Al Ilmiyah 1995.
Majma Zawaid,Imam Haithimi 165/2, Darul Rayan1407 Hijri..
Daif ul Jama, Allamah Nasiruddin Albani.

2.Kitab al Ajab, Ibn Hajar. Hadith Status:Fabricated (Mawdoo)
Kashful Khafa 110/2, Imam Ajloni, Arrisala 1405 Hijri.
Kitab al Masnoo, Imam Ali Bin Sultan Qari 281/1, Maktab ar Rishd 1404 Hijri.

3.Al Alal Al Matnahiyah, Ibn al Jawzi 562/2, Darul Katab Al Ilmiyah,1403 Hijri.
Masbah azjajah, Kanani 10/2, Darul Arbiah,1403 Hijri.
Alfawaid almajmoah, Allamah Shaukani, 51.
Tuhfatulhawzi, Mubarakpuri,366/3, Darul Kutub al Ilmiyah.
Silsilah Al Ahadith ad-daifah, Nasiruddin Albani,2132.

4.Silsilah Al Ahadith ad-daifah, Nasiruddin Albani,2132.

5.Sunan Al-Tirmidhi Mutbua 116/3 Ahy Altaras
Al-Ilal Almutnahiya, Imam Jawzi, 556/2, Darul Kutub Al Ilmiyah 1403 Hijri.
Daeef Jiddan Ibn Majah, Allama Albani,295.

6.Al Manar Al Munif, Imam Abu Abdullah Muhammad Al Hanbli, Darul Matbooat Al Islamiyah, 1403 Hijri.
Kashaf Al Khafa, Imam Ajlani, 566/2, Matboah Ar Risalah, 1405 Hijri.
Al Fawaid Al Majmoah, Imam Shokani, Pg. 50.
Naqd Al Manqool, Allamah Zarae, 85/1.

7.Lisaan Al Meezan, Ibn Hajar,271/5, Idara Al Almi,1405 Hijri.
Al Manar Al Maneef, Abu Muhammad Abdullah Al Hanbli, Darul Matbooat Al Islamiyah,1403 Hijri.
Naqd Al Manqool, Allamah Zarae, 85/1, Darul Qadri, 1411 hijri.

8.Kashaf Al Khafa, 13/3 Matbuah Ar Risalah, 1405 Hijri.
Al Manar Al Maneef, Abu Muhammad Abdullah Al Hanbli, Darul Matbooat Al Islamiyah,1403 Hijri.
Naqd Al Manqool, Allamah Zarae, 85/1, Darul Qadri, 1411 hijri.
9.Kashaf Al Khafa, 13/3 Matbuah Ar Risalah, 1405 Hijri.
Silsilah Al Ahadith Al Daifah, Albani, Hadith no. 4400.
Al Qawaid Al Majmuah, shokani, Pg. 100.
10.Al Meezan Al Aitadaal, Imam Zahbi, 372/5, Darul Kutub Al Ilmiyah, 1405 Hijri.
Al Asabah, Ibn Hajar, 580/5, Darul Jeel, 1412 Hijri.
Al Alal Almatnahiyah, Ibn Jawzi, 562/2, Darul Kutub Al Ilmiyah, 1403 Hijri.

11.Daif At Targheeb, Albani, 667.

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Obligation,Significance and Commandments of Fasting

Posted by Admin on September 10, 2008

OBLIGATION OF FASTING

Fasting is a form of worship which has been made obligatory by Allah Subhana Tala on His slaves and its objective is to gain “Taqwa” – Allah Conciousness, righteousness.

“O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous.”

(Quran 2: 183)

SIGNIFICANCE OF FASTING

Fasting is only for the sake of Allah and its reward is from Allah

The Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam said, “(Allah said), ‘Every good deed of Adam’s son is for him except fasting; it is for Me. and I shall reward (the fasting person) for it. (Bukhari)

Two Pleasures for a fasting person

Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam said: “There are two pleasures for the fasting person, one at the time of breaking his fast, and the other at the time when he will meet his Lord; then he will be pleased because of his fasting.”(Bukhari)

Allah loves the smell from the mouth of a fasting person

Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam said, “Verily, the smell of the mouth of a fasting person is better to Allah than the smell of musk.” (Bukhari)

Ar-Raiyan is a special gate of Paradise exclusively for those who fast

The Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam said, “There is a gate in Paradise called Ar-Raiyan, and those who observe fasts will enter through it on the Day of Resurrection and none except them will enter through it.”(Bukhari)

Sincere Fasting and Night Prayers erases all past sins

The Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam said, “Whoever established prayers on the night of Qadr out of sincere faith and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven; and whoever fasts in the month of Ramadan out of sincere faith, and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven.”

Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam said: “Whoever establishes prayers during the nights of Ramadan faithfully out of sincere faith and hoping to attain Allah’s rewards (not for showing off), all his past sins will be forgiven.” (Bukhari)

Gates of Paradise are opened ,Gates of Hell are closed and devils are chained

The Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam said, “When the month of Ramadan comes, the gates of Paradise are opened and the gates of the (Hell) Fire are closed, and the devils are chained.”(Bukhari)

Superiority of Ramadan and Dhul-Hijjah

The Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam said, “The two months of ‘Id i.e. Ramadan and Dhul-Hijja, do not decrease (in superiority).” (Bukhari)

MANNERS OF FASTING

Eating before fajr (sehri) is a recommended sunnah

The Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam said, “Take Sehri, as there is blessing in it.” (Bukhari)

Fasting person should not misbehave or fight

Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam said, “Fasting is a shield (or a screen or a shelter). So, the person observing fast should avoid sexual relations with his wife and should not behave foolishly and impudently, and if somebody fights with him or abuses him, he should tell him twice, ‘I am fasting.” (Bukhari)

The Fasting person should not lie or commit evil deeds

The Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam said, “Whoever does not give up forged speech and evil actions, Allah is not in need of his leaving his food and drink (i.e. Allah will not accept his fasting.)” (Bukhari)

COMMANDMENTS OF FASTING

  • The word “saum” is used for fasting in Arabic and its literal meaning is “to stop” or “to bring to a halt”. Thus it means to stop oneself from things which break the fast from dawn to dusk.
  • Fasting is obligatory on every adult, sane Muslim who has the ability to fast.
  • It is important to make the intention of obligatory (fard) fast before Fajr time.( Abu Dawood)
  • Eating Sehri (pre-dawn breakfast) is a sunnah of Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam and has blessings in it.( Agreed upon)
  • If the Fajr Adhaan starts while you are eating sehri, instead of leaving what you were eating, you should quickly eat it.( Abu Dawood)
  • Eating Iftar ( eating at maghrib time to break fast) should not be delayed and should be eaten as soon as the sun sets (Maghrib time) which is a sunnah of our Prophet.(Agreed Upon)
  • The one who offers and provides iftari to a fasting person, gets the reward equivalent to a fast.
  • Using siwaak while fasting is proven from the sunnah. ( Sahih Bukhari)
  • Applying kohl in the eyes does not break the fast.(Bukhari)
  • If nose drops are used while fasting and if they reach the throat or the stomach, then the fast is broken. (Bukhari)
  • Due to extreme heat, the fasting person is allowed to take a shower and rinse his mouth with water.(Abu Dawood)
  • While fasting it is not allowed to sniff the water too high in the nose that there may be danger that the water might reach the throat.(Tirmizi)
  • Nakseer (nose bleeding), istehada (bleeding of a woman in between her regular periods) and similar such blood does not break the fast. Only bleeding due to haiz or nifaas ( menstruation and post partum/post natal bleeding) breaks the fast no matter at what time it starts during the day. (Bukhari)
  • Vomiting unintentionally does not break the fast, however if someone vomits deliberately then this does break the fast.( Abu Dawood)
  • If the need arises, the food can be tasted (for salt etc), but it should be tasted by placing it at the edge of the tongue. But utmost care should be taken that it should not reach the throat.( Bukhari)
  • An injection that does not nourish and its purpose is not to provide energy or nourishment but it is only used as a medicine, then such an injection is allowed while fasting. However if the injection is the type that provides nourishment to sustain the body without food and drink then such an injection breaks the fast.
  • Eating out of forgetfulness does not break the fast. But as soon as a the person realizes that he/she was fasting, then the food in the mouth should be immediately spitted out. (Bukhari)
  • A person who intentionally eats or drinks something while fasting, then he should sincerely repent and make up for the fast.
  • There is no harm in swallowing the saliva while fasting.(Bukhari)
  • The blood that comes out of the teeth does not harm the fast however the blood should not be swallowed.
  • A fasting person is allowed to smell and wear fragrance.
  • A person, who due to extreme old age or an incurable disease is unable to fast, then he should feed one poor person in exchange for every day of missed fast.(Darqutni)
  • A person who was ill but then later regains health and does not make up for the missed fasts and dies, then his inheritors have to make up for his missed fasts.(Agreed upon)
  • If it is difficult or dangerous for the health of the mother and child then pregnant and breast feeding women can leave the fasts, however they have to necessarily make up for the missed fasts later on.( Agreed upon)
  • It is better for a traveler to leave the fast, however there is also no harm if the traveler fasts while on a journey because sometimes Prophet Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam observed fasting while traveling and sometimes he would leave fasting while traveling. Both are acceptable.
  • While fasting in Ramadan, if a husband forcefully has intercourse with his wife then this would not break the fast of the wife and she does not have to make up for it. However the husband is guilty of sin and he has to repent and make up for the fast by freeing a slave and if that is not possible then he has to fast continuously for two months and if that too is not possible then he has to feed sixty needy people. ( Agreed upon)
  • A lustful thought which leads to ejaculation of semen (mani) does not break the fast. However ejaculation of semen due to any other intentional activity or intimacy or due to watching immodest things breaks the fast.
  • Wet dreams, while sleeping does not invalidate the fast as this happens unintentionally.
  • Discharge of Mathi – prostatic fluid while fasting does not break the fast.( Mathi is the fluid discharged due to lustful arousal before semen is ejaculated)
  • It is a sunnah to recite the Quran and to revise it in Ramadan. ( Agreed Upon)
  • Giving charity generously in the month of Ramadan is the sunnah of our Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam.(Agreed Upon)
  • Taraweeh is a nafil (voluntary) prayer which is also called Tahajjud or Qayam ul Lail. The masnoon rakaat of taraweeh is 8, however since it is a nafil prayer the number of rakaat can be increased or decreased.(Agreed Upon)
  • In the last ten days of Ramadan, encouraging your family to perform worship is the sunnah of Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam.(Agreed Upon)
  • A person who is unable to benefit from the most blessed night of the year lailatul Qadr is a loser.(Ibn Majah)
  • Lailatul Qadr should be searched in the last ten odd nights of Ramadan.(Bukhari)
  • Sitting in seclusion- Itekaf in the Masjid during Ramadan is an obligatory sunnah which is obligatory on the Muslim community (Sunnat e Mokada Kafaya) and its duration is ten days. ( Agreed Upon)
  • Women should also sit in Itekaf. (Muslim)
  • Backbiting, lying, fighting, abusing, profanities and arguing corrupts the fast. (Bukhari)
  • Cracking dirty jokes, obscene vulgar actions, immoral behavior and conversations on vulgar topics are all forbidden in the state of fasting. (Ibn Khuzaima) (such things are forbidden even under normal conditions but such deeds while fasting corrupts the fast.)
  • Charity of fitr (Sadqa e Fitr) is obligatory (fard) on every individual. It is not necessary to be sahib e istatat to give sadqa e fitr. Sadqa e fitr should be given before the eid prayer. (Ahmed)
  • Missed fasts of Ramadan should be kept any time before the start of the next Ramadan.(Agreed Upon)
  • Keeping six fasts in Shawwal is highly recommended after Ramadan.(Muslim)


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Ramadan Facts And Ramadan of Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh)

Posted by Admin on September 10, 2008

RAMADAN

The Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam said, “Whoever fasted in Ramadan out of sincere Faith (i.e. belief) and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his past sins will be forgiven, and whoever stood for the prayers in the nights of Ramadan out of sincere Faith and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven.”

(Bukhari & Muslim)

FACTS ABOUT RAMADAN

  • Ramadan – This word literally means “One that Burns” According to scholars, in this month the Sins are burnt away… therefore it is called Ramadan.
  • The Month of Ramadan begins when the new crescent is sighted on the 29th of Shabaan otherwise it starts after the 30 days of Shabaan are completed.(Bukhari)
  • It is the month during which prophethood was granted to Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam. Q
  • Quran was revealed in this month.
  • The Lailatul Qadr, the night on which Quran was revealed and a night which is better than a thousand months falls in this month.
  • Battle of Badr was fought and won in this month.
  • Makkah was conquered by the Muslims in this month.
  • Voluntary (nafil) acts are given a reward equal to obligatory (fard) acts.
  • The reward of obligatory (fard) acts is increased 70 times in Ramadan.
  • The doors of heaven are opened in this month and the doors of hell are closed.
  • Devils are chained in this month.
  • Mercy is poured down to Earth during Ramadan.


RAMADAN OF PROPHET MUHAMMAD

SALLALLAHU ALAYHE WASALLAM


Reciting and Reflecting Upon The Quran

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas: “Jibreel used to meet him (Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam) every night in Ramadan to study the Holy Quran carefully together. (Bukhari)


Night Prayers

Narrated Abu Salma bin ‘Abdur Rahman: I asked ‘Aisha, “How is the prayer of Prophet Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallamduring the month of Ramadan.” She said, “Prophet Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam never exceeded eleven Rakat in Ramadan or in other months; he used to offer four Rakat– do not ask me about their beauty and length, then four Rakat, do not ask me about their beauty and length, and then three Rakat.(Bukhari)


Tarweeh in Masjid e Nabawi

Narrated ‘Aisha, the mother of the faithful believers: One night Prophet Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam offered the prayer in the Mosque and the people followed him. The next night he also offered the prayer and too many people gathered. On the third and the fourth nights more people gathered, but Allah’s Apostle did not come out to them. In the morning he said, “I saw what you were doing and nothing but the fear that it (i.e. the prayer) might be made obligatory on you, stopped me from coming to you.” And that happened in the month of Ramadan. (Bukhari)

Note: Taraweeh prayer is established from the sunnah based on the above mentioned hadith. Rasool Allah Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallamhimself led the Muslims in Taraweeh prayer for two days but gave up after that due to fear that it may become a compulsory (wajib) sunnah. It is a voluntary (nafil) prayer and is recommended during Ramadan.


Praying in the last Ten Days of Ramadan and Lailatul Qadr – Night of Decree

Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallamsaid, “Search for the Night of Qadr in the odd nights of the last ten days of Ramadan. (Bukhari)

Narrated Aisha: With the start of the last ten days of Ramadan, the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallamused to tighten his waist belt (i.e. work hard) and used to pray all the night, and used to keep his family awake for the prayers. (Bukhari)


Observing Itekaf

Narrated Abdullah bin Umar: Prophet Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallamused to practise Itikaf in the last ten days of the month of Ramadan. (Bukhari)

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam used to perform Itikaf every year in the month of Ramadan for ten days, and when it was the year of his death, he stayed in Itikaf for twenty days. (Bukhari)


Height of generosity in Ramadan

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas: Prophet Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam was the most generous of all the people, and he used to be more generous in the month of Ramadan when JIbreel used to meet him… Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam used to become more generous than the fast wind when he met Jibreel.(Bukhari)

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Rajab and Mairaj

Posted by Admin on July 16, 2008

We are now in the Islamic Month of Rajab. It is one of the four sacred months of the Islamic Calendar.
When ever Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon him) used to ask his companions any question, they would respond “Allah and His messenger know best”.

So let us learn about the month of Rajab and Mairaj event in the light of Quran and Sunnah.
See our special Flash presentation on Rajab and Mairaj which also includes a lecture by Dr. Farhat Hashmi in urdu.

Posted in Allah, Dr.Farhat Hashmi, Islam, Muslim Matters, Religion, Urdu Lecture | Tagged: , , , | Leave a Comment »