Quran For All

Official Blog of www.farhathashmi.com

Archive for the ‘Shirk’ Category

Month of Safar

Posted by Admin on January 20, 2010

Safar and Superstitions

Safar is the second month of the Lunar calendar. There are many misconceptions prevalent amongst the people regarding this month. On one hand, bad lucks and omens have been associated with this month and on the other hand self made solutions for such things have been proposed as well, such as not holding marriages in this month, boiling chick peas and distributing them so that the bad omens  are passed on to others, making 365 balls of flour and throwing them in water so that bad omens are driven away and provision is increased, reciting Surah Muzammil 313 times, considering this month to be ‘hard’ for the dead and considering the 13th of this month referred to as ‘tairah teezi’ to be unlucky.

All such superstitions and beliefs have no basis in Islam what so ever. How can any day or month be unlucky or be a portent of bad omen when infact months and years are formed by the alteration of day and nights and Allah Subhana Watala has made day and night as a sign and  to help us make the calendar as Allah says,

“And We have appointed the night and the day as two signs. Then, We have obliterated the sign of the night (with darkness) while We have made the sign of the day illuminating, that you may seek bounty from your Lord, and that you may know the number of the years and the reckoning. And We have explained everything (in detail) with full explanation.” (Al Isra 17:12)

Allah Subhana Watala has also told us the purpose of the different stages of the Moon.It helps us to mark the beginning and end of Months and Allah Azzawjal has also told us that there are twelve months. He says:
“They ask you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم ) about the new moons. Say: These are signs to mark fixed periods of time for mankind and for the pilgrimage.”(Al Baqarah 2:189)

“Verily, the number of months with Allah is twelve months (in a year), so was it ordained by Allah on the Day when He created the heavens and the Earth;”(At Tawbah 9: 36)

It is this revolution of  day and night that makes up weeks and months and years, which constitutes time, regarding which Prophet Muhammad (s) said that Allah Zawjul has said,
“ The son of Adam hurts me for he abuses Time though I am Time: in My Hands are all things, and I cause the revolution of day and night.” (Bukhari)

So it is very clear that day and night is from Allah and considering any time, hour, day, month or  year to be unlucky is a great misconception and a sin.

HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE

The Arabs used to hold three months of Ziqadah, Zul Hajja and Muharram as sacred. They did not indulge in war or crime during these months. They used to wait for these months to be over so that they can be free from these restrictions and indulge in robbery, theft and war. Therefore as soon as Muharram used to be over, and Safar began, they would leave their houses vacant with the intent of crime, theft, robbery and war.

Thus the idiom ‘Safar al Makaan’ meaning empty houses became famous. The word ‘Safrun or ‘Sifrun’ means ‘to become vacant’. Like the saying goes in Arabic ‘Sifrun minal Mata’a’ which means ‘ The house were vacated(from its furniture, things etc)” [Lisaan Al Arab Az Bin Manzoor, Vol IV,p 462 – 463]

The famous hadith scholar and historian Sakhawi has written in his famous book, ‘Al Mashoor Fi Asma-il ayam walshahoor’ that this was the reason for naming of this month as ‘safar.’ When the Arabs saw that during this month many crimes were committed, people killed and houses emptied, they associated bad omens, and ill fate with this month, instead of looking at their own evil deeds and wrong doings, where as Allah Subhana Watala has told us that every person is responsible for his own omen and fate.

“And [for] every person We have imposed his fate upon his neck, and We will produce for him on the Day of Resurrection a record which he will encounter spread open.”(17:13)

It is commonly believed that bad omens come from external sources which is why man tends to blame either some other person or animal or an object, a day or a month or a number where as Allah Subhana Watala through this Ayah has made it very clear that every man’s omen and bad luck is due to his own misdeeds and wrong doings.

Allah Subhana Watala further says in the Quran,

“What comes to you of good is from Allah , but what comes to you of evil, [O man], is from yourself” (4:79)

Superstition is shirk

A man leaves his house, on the way a black cat crosses his path, he think this is a bad omen and therefore returns back home. Though this seems to be such a minor act, however in reality, it really means that he thinks that the black cat has the power and authority to change the man’s fate. This is shirk because it means that other than Allah, the cat also has control and authority over a man’s life and to bring harm to him (Naauuzobillah).

Other Common Superstitious Beliefs prevalent in our society are seeing someone disliked in the morning means the whole day will be full of bad luck, twitching eyes means bad luck and evil portent, Itching in the right palm means money will be acquired.If one shoe comes on top of the other, it means a journey will be undertaken. Taking omens from colors, such as wearing black means illness will strike, or not wearing black clothes because black is the color of the cover of Kaabah, not wearing green colored shoes due to respect because green is the color of the dome of Prophet’s (s) Mosque.

Holding such beliefs not only led man to make halal things haram on himself but led him to associate fate and destiny with these things, which is not only a great misguidance but a great sin ‘Shirk’ because no one other than Allah has the power and control over man’s fate, and all the things from which good or bad portents are derived are nothing but creations of Allah who have no control over other creations.

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said,

“Taking omens is shirk; taking omens is shirk. He said it three times. Every one of us has some (superstition), but Allah removes it by trust (in Him).” (Sunan Abi Dawood)

He also said, “A person who derived bad luck from something and refrained from doing what he was intending to do, he has committed shirk. The companions asked him what would be its expiation, the Prophet replied “He should say,

‘ O Allah there is no portent other than Your portent, no goodness other than Your goodness, and none worthy of worship other than You’.”(Musnad Ahmed)

Being Muslim, we should have full faith and trust in Allah and believe from our heart that it is only Allah who has power over us. The Arabs used to hold three months of Ziqadah, Zul Hajja and Muharram as sacred. They did not indulge in war or crime during these months. They used to wait for these months to be over so that they can be free from these restrictions and indulge in robbery, theft and war. Therefore as soon as Muharram used to be over, and Safar began, they would leave their houses vacant with the intent of crime, theft, robbery and war.

Thus the idiom ‘Safar al Makaan’ meaning empty houses became famous. The word ‘Safrun or ‘Sifrun’ means ‘to become vacant’. Like the saying goes in Arabic ‘Sifrun minal Mata’a’ which means ‘ The house were vacated(from its furniture, things etc)” [Lisaan Al Arab Az Bin Manzoor, Vol IV,p 462 – 463]

The famous hadith scholar and historian Sakhawi has written in his famous book, ‘Al Mashoor Fi Asma-il ayam walshahoor’ that this was the reason for naming of this month as ‘safar.’ When the Arabs saw that during this month many crimes were committed, people killed and houses emptied, they associated bad omens, and ill fate with this month, instead of looking at their own evil deeds and wrong doings, where as Allah Subhana Watala has told us that every person is responsible for his own omen and fate.

“And [for] every person We have imposed his fate upon his neck, and We will produce for him on the Day of Resurrection a record which he will encounter spread open.”(17:13)

It is commonly believed that bad omens come from external sources which is why man tends to blame either some other person or animal or an object, a day or a month or a number where as Allah Subhana Watala through this Ayah has made it very clear that every man’s omen and bad luck is due to his own misdeeds and wrong doings.

Allah Subhana Watala further says in the Quran,

“What comes to you of good is from Allah , but what comes to you of evil, [O man], is from yourself” (4:79)

Listen to Lectures by Dr.Farhat Hashmi related to safar: here

Advertisements

Posted in Allah, Aqeedah -Islamic Creed, Islam, Religion, Shirk | 1 Comment »

Do Stars and Planets Influence Our Lives?

Posted by Admin on June 8, 2009

By Javeria

There are many people and even Muslims who regularly consult astrology columns, ask each other their astrological signs and regularly read their horoscopes in magazines or online.

Yet astrology is a system which rests entirely on belief that stars and planets are gods.

The Origin of Astrology

Belief that stars and planets can influence our lives “Comes from Babylonian times, when the seven moving heavenly bodies, (Sun, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn) were believed to be GODS roaming in the sky. To this day the planets still carry the names of ancient gods. These gods were thought to interact with mysterious star patterns that were apparently fixed on the Celestial Sphere and so influence life on earth. More particularly their configuration at the moment of birth – but somehow not before or afterwards – was thought to mould an individual’s character.

The most powerful “god” was believed to be the Sun and a person’s Sun sign – The constellation in which the Sun was positioned on their date of birth. From this have come the 12 well-known signs of Zodiac and their associated dates.

Today, of course, we know that the Sun and Planets are not gods. Our Earth is a planet and Sun is a star, and the other stars are distant suns. There is no reason to suppose that they control our lives any more than do the trees or the mountains.

Furthermore, modern astrology still uses the constellation dates relating to theSun’s apparent position in 500 BC!. Since then, the slow wobble of the Earth’s axis has shifted the dates, but the astrologers have not adapted to this!!”

(Cape Town Planetarium’s Star Watching by Anthony Fairall)

What Quran Says About Sun ,Moon and the Stars

The Sun Moon and the stars are nothing but Allah’s creation. They are all working under Allah’s command and have been made for the purpose of serving mankind. There is no reason at all to believe that they can somehow control our destiny or effect our lives on earth because as Muslims we should be well aware that the knowledge of destiny is only with Allah and is written in Loh e Mahfooz. ( The preserved Tablet in the heavens)

The following are some of the purposes of creating Sun, Moon and Stars as mentioned by Allah Subhana Watala in the Quran.

Sun and the Moon are signs of Allah

“And from among His Signs are the night and the day, and the sun and the moon.” (Quran 41:37)

Sun and Moon help in counting Years and Months

“It is He Who made the sun a shining thing and the moon as a light And measured out its (their) stages, that you might know the number of years and the calculation. (Quran 10:5)

Sun and Moon Help in fixing time of Prayers

“Perform As­Salât from mid-day till the darkness of the night (i.e. the Zuhr, ‘Asr, Maghrib, and ‘Ishâ’ prayers), and recite the Qur’ân in the early dawn.

(Quran 17: 78 )

Stars are for the beautification of the sky

“And indeed, We have put the big stars in the heaven and We beautified it for the beholders.” (Quran 15:16)

Stars for decoration and guarding the Heavens

“And We adorned the nearest (lowest) heaven with lamps (stars) to be an adornment as well as to guard (from the devils by using them as missiles against the devils). Such is the Decree of Him the All-Mighty, the All-Knower.” (Quran 41:12)

Stars for finding direction in land and sea

“It is He Who has set the stars for you, so that you may guide your course with their help through the darkness of the land and the sea.(Quran 6:97)

Before GPS ships and people traveling in the desert used stars for finding their way. My father is a sailor and he showed me the instrument used in the olden days for finding direction using stars.

Consequences of reading horoscopes and Astrology Columns

Leads to Kufr – Disbelief

Astrology is considered Kufr because it destroys Tawheed Al Asma WasSifaat (The Unity of Allah’s Names and Attributes . Such beliefs give planets and stars some of God’s unique qualities, most prominent among them “Qadr” -Destiny.

Prophet Muhammad said “Whoever went to a fortune-teller and believed in what he said, has disbelieved in what was revealed to Muhammad.” (Ahmed & Abu Dawood)

Belief in Stars is actually denial of divine destiny

Prophet Muhammad May Peace Be Upo n him said: “What I fear most for my nation after my time is: the injustice of their leader, the belief in the stars and the denial of divine destiny.”(Ibn Askeer)

The prayer is not accepted

Prophet Muhammad (May Peace be Upon him) said: “The Salaah of whoever approaches a fortuneteller and asks him about anything will not be accepted for forty days and nights” (Sahih Muslim)

Conclusion:

It is well established scientifically that stars and planets are not gods and thus there is no possible way that they can control life on earth. More so as Muslims we know very well from the Quran that destiny is controlled only by Allah and the knowledge of the future and the unseen only rests with Allah. Quran makes it very clear the purpose of creating stars and planets and the sun and the moon so there is no possible reason to believe that stars and planets influence our lives.

And most importantly believing in astrology leads to Shirk -Polytheism as it gives divine powers to stars. So all those Muslims who are just reading horoscopes for fun and trying to find out what is in their future through any means like cup reading, palmistry, numbers etc should know they are committing shirk “in fun”.

And Shirk is the one and only sin Allah will never ever forgive unless you Sincerely repent from it and never do such a thing again.

Posted in Allah, Aqeedah -Islamic Creed, Quran, Religion, Shirk, Tawheed | Leave a Comment »